电竞亚博

侗戏
字号: 分享:

DONGXISHIWOGUOMINJIANXIQUZHONGDEXIZHONGZHIYI,SHIDONGZURENMINZAIZHANGQIDELAODONGSHENGHUOZHONGCHUANGZAOBINGXIWENLEJIANDEYISHUXINGSHI,TAJUYOUDUTEDEMINZUFENGGE,DUOLIUXINGZAIGUIZHOUSHENGDELIPING、CONGJIANG、RONGJIANG,HUNANSHENGDETONGDAO,GUANGXIZHUANGZUZIZHIQUDESANJIANG、LONGSHENGDENGXIANDEDONGZUCUNZHAI。CONGXUESHUSHANGKAN,TASHIYOUFAZHANQIANTUDEMINZUMINJIANJUZHONGZHIYI。ZAIHUNAN、GUIZHOU、GUANGXISANSHENGDEPILIANDIQU,JUZHUZHEWOGUODESHAOSHUMINZU——DONGZU。DANGDIHUOYUEZHEYIZHONGSHENSHOUDONGZURENMINXIAIDESHAOSHUMINZUXIJUXINGSHI——DONGXI。DONGXI,DONGZUDEXIQUJUZHONG。ZUIZAOXINGCHENGYUGUIZHOUDELIPING、RONGJIANG、CONGJIANGYIDAI,HOULIUCHUANDAOGUANGXIDESANJIANGHEHUNANDETONGDAODENGDONGZUJUJUDIQU。DONGJUSHIZAIDONGZUMINJIANSHUOCHANGYISHU“GAJIN”(XUSHIGE)HE“GAPIPA”(PIPAGE)JICHUSHANG,JIESHOUHANZUDEXIQUYINGXIANGERXINGCHENG。

2006NIAN5YUE20RI,GUIZHOUSHENGLIPINGXIANSHENBAODE“DONGXI”JINGGUOWUYUANPIZHUNLIERUDIYIPIGUOJIAJIFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANMINGLU。

ZAIHUNAN、GUIZHOU、GUANGXISANSHENGDEPILIANDIQU,JUZHUZHEWOGUODESHAOSHUMINZU——DONGZU。DANGDIHUOYUEZHEYIZHONGSHENSHOUDONGZURENMINXIAIDESHAOSHUMINZUXIJUXINGSHI——DONGXI。

DONGXI,DONGZUDEXIQUJUZHONG。ZUIZAOXINGCHENGYUGUIZHOUDELIPING.RONGJIANG、CONGJIANGYIDAI,HOULIUCHUANDAOGUANGXIDESANJIANGHEHUNANDETONGDAODENGDONGZUJUJUDIQU。DONGJUSHIZAIDONGZUMINJIANSHUOCHANGYISHU“GAJIN”(XUSHIGE)HE“GAPIPA”(PIPAGE)JICHUSHANG,JIESHOUHANZUDEXIQUYINGXIANGERXINGCHENG。“GAJIN”,YANYUANZIDANZICHANG,JIAYONGSHUOBAILAIXUSHUGUSHI,NEIRONGDUOBANWEIDONGZUDECHUANSHUOGUSHI。“GAPIPA”,FENDUANGEHEZHANGGE。DUANGEWEISHUQINGMINGE,ZHANGGEWEIXUSHUGUSHIDESHUOCHANG。DONGXIDAZHIZAIQINGJIAQING、DAOGUANGNIANJIAN(1796—1850)XINGCHENG。DONGXIDEJUMU,ZHUYAOYOULIANGBUFEN。YISHIMIAOXIEHANZUSHENGHUODEJUMU,DADUOCONGHANZUXIQUZHONGJINXINGYIZHI;YISHIMIAOXIEDONGZUSHENGHUODEJUMU。HOUZHERU《WUMIAN》,YILANGMANZHUYISHOUFA,MIAOXIEMINGCHUDONGZUMINZUYINGXIONGWUMIANLVLINGRENMINQIYIKANGLIANGKANGSHUI,BUXINGBEIFU,BUQUERSI。《QINNIANGMEI》,XIEZHULANGYUNIANGMEIXIANGAI,DIZHUYINYIYUBAZHANNIANGMEI,MOUSHAZHULANG,NIANGMEISHEJICISHAYINYI,WEIAIRENBAOLECHOU。《MENLONG》,MIAOXIEMENLONGLIJIASHIBANIANWEIGUI,QIMUBIQIQIGAIJIA,QIQIBUCONG,ZHIDENGMENLONGGUIJIA,FUQITUANJU。CIWAI,HAIYOU《XUEMEI》、《NAITAOBUTAO》、《JINHAN》、《MANGZI》DENG。QINGJIAQING、DAOGUANGNIANJIAN,YOUDONGZUMINJIANSHUOCHANGXINGSHI“GAJIN”(DONGYU,JIXUSHIGE)HE“BAIGU”JIEHEERCHENG。1870NIANZUOYOU,ZIGUIZHOUYANDOULIUJIANGCHUANRUGUANGXI。ZUICHUJINYOULIANGRENZUOCHANG,HOUFAZHANWEIZOUCHANG。DAOGUANGNIANJIAN,LIPINGXIANLADONGZHAIDONGZUXIUCAIWUWENCAIHEWUWENBINDENGGENJUHANZUCHANGBENBIANCHENG《MEILIANGYU》、《FENGJIAOLIDAN》DENGDONGJUJIAOBEN。ZHIHOU,MINJIANYEYUXISHIYOUXIANHOUCHUANGZUOLEXUDUOBENMINZUTICAIDEJUMU,RU《MENLONG》、《SANLANGWUMEI》、《ZHULANGNIANGMEI》DENG。HENDUODONGZHAIDOUYOUYEYUDONGXIBAN,DAIDAIXIANGCHUAN。DONGXIZAOQIDEBIAOYANPOYOUTESE,JIAOSEDAOTAIQIANCHANGWANYIJUHOU,ZAIGUOMENZHONGRAO∞ZIXINGHUIDAOTAIZHONGKAOHOUFANGDUANZUODE“ZHANGBEN”XISHIMIANQIAN,TINGQUTISHIDECHANGCI,RANHOUZAIDAOTAIQIANYANCHANG。CHOUJIAOZAITAISHANGBIJIAOHUOYUE,YOUDUTEDECHENGSHI,BULUNCONGZUOYOUFANGXIANGCHUCHANG,DOUZHINENGXIANGLITIAOYUE,JIAOZUO“TIAOCHOUJIAO”。1949NIANHOU,ZHENGLIGAIBIANDECHUANTONGJUMUYOU《ZHULANGNIANGMEI》、《SHANBOYINGTAI》、《MEIDAO》、《MANGSUI》、《LIUZHIYUAN》DENG,BIANYANDEXIANDAIXIYOU《DONGJIAERNV》、《MINZUTUANJIEDEHUA》DENG。QIZHONG《ZHULANGNIANGMEI》YISHEZHICHENGYINGPIAN。

DONGXIDEZHUYAOQUDIAOYOUPINGBANHEAIQIANGDENG。PINGBANHUOCHENGPUTONGDIAO,YONGYUXUSHIXINGCHANGCI,QIANYOUYINZI、QIBAN;AIQIANG,HUOCHENGKUDIAO、LEIDIAO。CIWAI,ZAIYOUXIEJUMUZHONG,HUADANHUOCHOUHAICHANGCAIYONGDONGGE、HANZUMINJIANQUDIAODENG。ZHUZOULEQIWEIERHU,HAIYOUNIUTUIQIN、PIPA、YUEQIN、DIHU、YANGQINDENG。DAJILEQIYOUGU、LUO、BO、XIAOCHA,DANZHIZAIKAITAI、CUITAIJIJIAOSESHANGXIACHANGSHIYONGYIBANZOU。DONGXIDAYUECHANSHENGYUQINGDAIJIAQINGZHIDAOGUANGNIANJIAN,YOULIPINGXIANLADONGCUNDONGZUGESHIWUWENCAISHICHUANG,ZHIJINYIYOUYIBAIWUSHIDUONIANDELISHI。

WUWENCAIZAIDONGZUZHANGPIANSHUOCHANGXUSHIGEDEJICHUSHANG,GENJUHANZUSHUOCHANGBEN《ERDUMEI》BIANZHICHUDIYIBUDONGXI《MEILIANGYU》。ZHIHOU,DONGXIBUDUANXIQUGUIJU、CAIDIAO、QIYANGXI、GUIZHOUHUADENGXIDENGQITAXIQUJUZHONGDEYINGYANG,ZHUJIANTIGAOHEWANSHAN,ZUIZHONGYANBIANCHENGBIAOYANYOUSHUOYOUCHANG、QUDIAOFENGFU、BIEJUFENGGEDEDULIJUZHONG。

WUWENCAI(1798—1845NIAN),DONGZU,QINGJIAQINGSANNIAN(1798NIAN)SHENGYULIPINGXIANMAOGONGXIANGLADONGZHAI。WENCAISHAOSHIDUGUOSISHU,CUSHIHANZI,JIAJINGPINHAN,WUNONGWEISHENG。WENCAIZAIQINGNIANSHIQIJIXIANSHICHUBUFANDEGECAI,ZAIYUQINGNIANNANNVDUIGESHIDUIDARULIU,TABADONGZUQIYUANCHUANSHUOBIANCHENG“ZUYUANGE”,BADONGZUDEXISULIYI、DAODEFENGSHANGBIANCHENG“QUANSHIGE”,BANANNVQINGNIANDEJIAOWANGBIANCHENG“QINGGE”。QIGECIYOUMEI,QINGZHENYIQIE,YINYUNHEXIE,SIFANGDONGZUQINGNIANDOUZUNCHENGWENCAIWEIGESHIFU。WENCAIZHONGNIANSHI,SHOUHANZUXIJUDEQIFAHEYINGXIANGKAICHUANGLEYIDONGZHUANGBANXIANG,YONGDONGYUJIEBAI,YONGERHULUOGUBANZOUDONGGECHANGCIHEDUTEBUDIAODENGBIAOYANXINGSHIDEDONGXI。WENCAICHUANGZAODEDONGXI,YANYUANJUNYOUQUNZHONGZIYUANZUHE,CHANGQIANGFEN“PINGBAN”、“AIDIAO”HE“XIANQIANG”,BIAOYANWANQUANMINZUHUA。TABAHANZUDEGUSHI《ZHUSHAJI》、《ERDUMEI》DENGGAIBIANCHENG《MEILIANGYU》、《FENGJIAOLIDAN》DENGJUBEN,ZAIDONGXIANGGUANGWEICHUANCHANG,SHENSHOUDONGZUQUNZHONGHUANYING。DONGZUHENKUAIYOUCILIUCHUANDAOWAIDI,QIANXIANGGUIJIAOJIEDECONGJIANG、TONGDAO、SANJIANGDENGCHUDEDONGZHAIXIANGJIJIANLIDONGXIBANZI,FENGNIANGUOJIE,CUNZHAIZHIJIANJIAOLIUYANCHU,YURANCHENGFENG,QIANLIDONGXIANGYIGONGRENWENCAIWEI“DONGXISHIFU”。DAOGUANGERSHIWUNIAN(1845NIAN),WENCAIZAIJIAQUSHI。XIANGRENZAIWENCAIJIAXIANGXIUJIANJINIANBEIHEJINIANTING,ZHIJINSHANGCUN。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU,GUOJIAWENHUABUJIANGDONGXILIEWEIGUOJIADEDULIJUZHONG,WENCAIWEIDONGXIBIZU。

DONGXIZHIXIANG

LADONGCUNWUWENCAISHIDONGZURENGONGRENDEDONGXIBIZU。JIWUWENCAIZHIHOU,MAOGONGXIANGDEDONGXICHUANGZUOYANCHUHUODONGCONGWEIJIANDUAN,DONGXICHUANGZUORENCAIBEICHU,XISHIBUDUANYONGXIAN。MAOGONGXIANGJIHUMEICUNDOUYOUYANCHUDONGXIDEGUDINGCHANGSUO———XITAI,ERQIEBIEJUTESE。GAOJINCUNDEDONGXITAIYOUYUBAOCUNYUANMAOJIAOHAO,BEILIEWEILIPINGXIANZHONGDIANWENWUBAOHUDANWEI。1990NIANMAOGONGXIANGZHUDONGPEIHESHANGJIJIXIANWENHUAJUZAIDONGXIBIZUWUWENCAIDEJIAXIANGLADONGCUNJUBAN“JINIANDONGXIDANSHENG160ZHOUNIANJUMUDIAOYANJIXUESHUTAOLUNHUI”。ZHEICIHUIYIYOUBEIJING、HUNAN、GUANGXIHEWOSHENGYOUGUANDANWEIDEZHUANJIAXUEZHE,6GEYANCHUDUIJI240RENYIJIFUJINCUNZHAIDEQUNZHONGJINWANRENQIANLAICANJIA,ZHENKEWEISHENGKUANGKONGQIAN。YUHUIZHEYIZHIGONGREN:MAOGONGLADONGSHIDONGXIDEGUXIANG,MAOGONGXIANGDONGXIYANCHUHUOYUE,KANCHENGDONGXIZHIXIANG。QUANXIANGCUNCUNYOUDONGXIDUI,RENRENAIKANDONGXI,GEGEHUICHANGDONGGE。1994NIANBEISHENGWENHUATINGMINGMINGWEI“DONGXIZHIXIANG”。

DONGZUGUANGWEILIUCHUANDEPIPAGE、MINJIANGUSHIHEHANZUGUSHI,DOUSHIGAIBIANDONGXIDESUCAI。HANZUXIQUJUMU,YEJINGCHANGBEIGAIBIANHEYIZHICHENGDONGXI。GENJUDONGZUMINJIANCHUANSHUOGUSHIGAIBIANDEJUMUYOU:《ZHULANGNIANGMEI》、《LIUMEI》、《JINJUNYUNIANGRUI》DENG;GENJUHANZUGUSHIGAIBIANDEJUMUYOU:《CHENSHIMEI》、《LIANGZHUYINYUAN》DENG;LISHIGUSHIJUYOU:《WUMIANWANG》、《LIWANDANG》DENG;YIZHIHANZUXIQUDEJUMUYOU;《SHENGSIPAI》、《SHIWUGUAN》、《BAIMAONV》DENG;CHUANGZUODEXIANDAIJUMUYOU:《TUANYUAN》、《ERSHITIAN》、《YIGENANGUA》、《YANGWA》、《HAOWAISUN》DENG。ZHEIXIEJUMUGUSHIQINGJIEYUQITAJUZHONGDEJUBENDAZHIXIANGTONG,DANJIBENDEJIEGOUYUGESHIQUEANDONGXIDETEDIANBIANXIE。DONGXIJUBENCIJUSHENGDONG,YUNLVYANGE,JIANGJIUWEIYUN、YAOYUN、LIANHUANYUN,YICHUXI,YEJIUSHIYISHOUXUSHIZHANGSHI。YUQITAJUZHONGBIJIAO,DONGXIZAIZHEIFANGMIANBIEJUYIGE。

ZAIDONGZUDIQU,DUOSHUCUNZHAIDOUYOUQUNZHONGZIJIZUZHIDEYEYUDONGXIBAN。DANSUIZHESHEHUIDEBIANGEHEXIANDAICHUANMEIDEFAZHAN,DONGXIBUZAIZAIMINZHONGDEYULESHENGHUOZHONGZHANJUJUEDUIYOUSHIDIWEI。DONGZUMEIYOUWENZI,GUOQUXISHIMENQUANPINGJIYIBAZHENGCHUSHENZHISHUCHUXIJIYUNAOZHONG,ZAICHUANSHOUJIYANYUAN;HAIYOUDEZELIYONGHANZIJIYIN,JIEYONGHANWENZIBACHUANTONGDEDONGXIJILUXIALAI。ZHEIZHONGFANGSHIDECUIRUOXINGYINGXIANGDAODONGXIDESHUNLICHUANCHENG,YOUBIYAOSHEFAJIAYIJIEJUE。

DONGXISHIWOGUOMINJIANXIQUZHONGDEXIZHONGZHIYI,SHIDONGZURENMINZAIZHANGQIDELAODONGSHENGHUOZHONGCHUANGZAOBINGXIWENLEJIANDEYISHUXINGSHI,TAJUYOUDUTEDEMINZUFENGGE,DUOLIUXINGZAIGUIZHOUSHENGDELIPING、CONGJIANG、RONGJIANG,HUNANSHENGDETONGDAO,GUANGXIZHUANGZUZIZHIQUDESANJIANG、LONGSHENGDENGXIANDEDONGZUCUNZHAI。

CHUNJIEQIANHOUDONGZHAIZHIJIANYOUQINGNIANHUXIANGJIAOWANG,QUNZHONGHUXIANGJITIZUOKEDEXIGUAN,ZAIZHEIXIEHUODONGZHONG,DONGXIBANDEYANCHUSHIBIBUKESHAODE。YINCI,ZAIDONGZUDIQU,DUOSHUCUNZHAIDOUYOUQUNZHONGZIJIZUZHIDEYEYUDONGXIBAN,(ZUICHUZHIYOUNANXING,HOULAICAIYOUGUNIANGCANJIA。)DONGXIBANRENSHUBUDING,SHIYURENJIKEZUCHENGYIGEXIBAN。DONGXIBANLI,YOUSHOURENZUNZHONGDEXISHI,YOUYOUYIPIREXINCHANGDONGXIBINGXIAIYULINZHAIKAIZHANJIAOWANGHUODONGDENIANQINGREN。GUOQU,DONGZUMEIYOUWENZI,XISHIMENYOUDEYONGXINJIDEBANFA,BAZHENGCHUSHENZHISHUCHUXIDOUJIZAINAOZILI,RANHOUCHUANJIAOJIYANYUAN,YEYOUDELIYONGHANZIJIYIN,BACHUANTONGDEDONGXIJIEYONGHANWENZIJILUXIALAI,CHENGWEIDONGJIAZIJIDEDONGXIBEN。YOUMINGWANGDEXISHIZAINONGXIANSHIHAIJINGCHANGBEIQINGDAOWAIZHAIQUJIAOXI。

DONGXICHANSHENGYUSHIJIUSHIJICHUYEDEJIAQINGZHIDAOGUANGNIANJIAN,SHILIPINGXIANLADONGCUNDONGZUWENRENWUWENCAICHUANGSHIDE,ZHIJINYIYOU150DUONIANDELISHI。WUWENCAIZUIZAOCHUANGZUOCHULAIDELIANGCHUDONGXI,YICHUSHIGENJUHANZUSHUOCHANGBEN《ERDUMEI》GAIBIANDE《MEILIANGYU》,LINGYICHUSHIGENJUHANZUCHUANSHU《XUEGANGFANTANG》GAIBIANERCHENGDEDONGXI《LIDANFENGJIAO》。

DONGXIZUICHUZHISHI,QUDIAODANCHUN,XINGSHIJIANDAN,DONGZUOPOSHI,ZHISHIYANYUANFENLIELIANGPAI,ZUOZHEDUICHANG,QIEXIANYUNANZIBANYAN,MOSHOUYUSHUOCHANGXINGSHI,BAOCHI“XUSHIGE”TEDIAN。DONGXIZAIQIXINGCHENGSHEHUIFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGYEBUDUANDISHOUDAOQITAXIQUDEYINGXIANG,SHIZHIZHUJIANDEDAOTIGAOHEWANSHAN,YIZHIBIANCHENGJINRIYOUNANNVYANYUANCANJIA,YOUSHUOYOUCHANG,DIANDIAOFENGFUDUOCAI,BIEJUYIGEDEDULIJUZHONG。

DONGXIMEIYOUZHUANMENBANZI,QUANYOUQUNZHONGZIYOUJIEHE,QIEKESHIHESHILI,CHUNSHUYEYU。ZAIYANYUANZHONGMEIYOUYANGEXINGDANG,WEIXIAOCHOUDUTE。JUZHONGQUDIAOFENWEILIANGZHONG:YISHI“PINGBAN”HUOCHENG“PUTONGBAN”、“HUQINBAN”;YISHI“AIDIAO”HUOCHENG“KUDIAO”。HAIYOU“XIANQIANG”HE“XIQUDAGE”。

LAIYUAN:ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOGUOJIAMINZUSHIWUWEIYUANHUI

SAOYISAOZAISHOUJIDAKAIDANGQIANYEMIAN

上一篇:
下一篇:
关闭